A REVELATION FROM HEAVEN
It is understood, that God, the Father of Jesus Christ, is not limited by time and space. He is eternal, and as such, He is not subject to any of the natural laws of the universe as we are. God is sovereign and exists in the eternal now. We, on the other hand, are limited to time and space. Therefore, it is difficult, if not impossible, for us to fully grasp the meaning of eternity. Because of these human limitations I will be using the terms “eternity past” and “eternity future” in order to illustrate from the scriptures what I believe are the different forms of Jesus Christ’s existence.
We begin our journey on the day of Pentecost. Soon after the outpouring of the Holy Spirit, Peter – filled to overflowing with the Spirit – begins to preach the gospel. Near the end of his message, an amazing truth is revealed: the actual status and location of the Lord since His recent resurrection from the dead and ascension into heaven is revealed to Peter as he is preaching.
32 This Jesus hath God raised up, whereof we all are witnesses.
33 Therefore being by the right hand of God exalted, and having received of the Father the promise of the Holy Ghost, he hath shed forth this, which ye now see and hear.
This is the first indication that the Lord Jesus Christ has been glorified and exalted as prophesied in the Old Testament. This truth was being revealed to Peter as he, filled with the Holy Spirit, preached on the day of Pentecost. Some fifty days earlier, Jesus had told the disciples that He would send the Comforter and that this Comforter would guide them into all truth.
The Lord told His disciples this Comforter would not speak of himself, but what he hears; he would speak, and that he would glorify Jesus. This is exactly what transpired during Peter’s anointed preaching on the day of Pentecost, ten days after the Lord’s ascension into heaven.
This word “exalted” in Acts 2:33 is the Greek word hupsoo, which means to elevate (lit-erally or figuratively). It comes from the root word hupsos, which translates altitude, the sky or dignity.
Compare Acts 2:33 with Philippians 2:6-11:
6 Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God:
7 But made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men:
8 And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross.
9 Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every name:
10 That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth;
11 And that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.
The Revised Standard Version puts it this way:
Who, though he was in the form of God, did not count equality with God a thing to be grasped, but emptied himself, taking the form of a servant, being born in the likeness of men. And being found in human form he humbled himself and became obedient unto death, even death on a cross. Therefore God has highly exalted him and bestowed on him the name which is above every name, that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, in heaven and on earth and under the earth, and every tongue confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father. Phil 2:6-11 (RSV)
The Living Bible gives us another perspective:
Who, though he was God, did not demand and cling to his rights as God, but laid aside his mighty power and glory, taking the disguise of a slave and becoming like men. And he humbled himself even further, going so far as actually to die a criminal’s death on a cross. Yet it was because of this that God raised him up to the heights of heaven and gave him a name which is above every other name, that at the name of Jesus every knee shall bow in heaven and on earth and under the earth, and every tongue shall confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father. Phil. 2:6-11 (TLB)
In Philippians 2:9 we learn that God has highly exalted Him and has given Him a name, which is above every other name.
Keeping in mind that the Bible offers instruction, understanding, and purpose will assist in our investigation of the scriptures in order to find out exactly when this high exaltation of Jesus Christ actually took place.